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How to grow marijuana: discover techniques for indoor and outdoor cultivation

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Growing marijuana for personal use in Brazil and how to make it legal.

Although it is not yet legalized in Brazil, there are legitimate ways to obtain authorization to self-cultivate cannabis, especially for medicinal purposes. It is possible to request a habeas corpus that allows cultivation at home for patients who need cannabis treatment.

According to Kaya Mind, an organization specializing in cannabis sector data, more than 100,000 patients are already legally permitted to purchase cannabis-based medicines. Achieving judicial authorization for home cultivation has been a reality for many individuals and entities. Abrace Esperança pioneered this release, allowing it to produce cannabis-based medicines legally in Brazil. Other entities followed, such as Apepi, in Rio de Janeiro; Santa Cannabis, in Santa Catarina; and Salvar Cannabis Medicinal , in Sergipe, which not only obtained permission to cultivate but also to sell the plant.

For advocates of personal cultivation and those interested in learning how to grow cannabis at home while avoiding pressed produce, we offer a practical guide. You will not only learn how to start germinating and growing cannabis seeds, but you will also receive valuable tips for growing both indoors and outdoors.

Indoor Marijuana Growing: Guide to Successfully Growing Cannabis Indoors

Growing cannabis indoors has become the preferred option for many due to greater control over environmental conditions, resulting in higher quality weed. Despite requiring a slightly larger initial investment, the practice of growing marijuana indoors has a greater probability of success. In our growshop, you will find complete cultivation kits that make it easier to start your marijuana growing project at home. Discover now how to grow cannabis indoors effectively!

Ideal Lighting for Indoor Marijuana Cultivation

How to Plant Marijuana

Why Choose LED? The choice of lighting is crucial when growing cannabis indoors, and LED lights stand out as the most recommended option. They offer excellent value for money when compared to other lighting options available on the market. What's more, LEDs provide a full spectrum of light, which is essential for the effective photosynthesis of cannabis plants.

It is important to carefully control the photoperiod , or light cycle, during the different phases of plant growth. For the vegetative phase, it is recommended to maintain 18 hours of lighting followed by 6 hours of darkness. In the flowering phase, it adjusts to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness, replicating the natural lighting conditions of the plant's original habitat. Using a timer can make it easier to manage the lighting cycle, ensuring precise switching between light and dark.

Climate Management for Cannabis Cultivation

Effective air conditioning is a crucial pillar in cannabis cultivation, where balancing heat and light is necessary. While light is essential for the healthy development of marijuana plants, it is imperative to regulate the heat it emanates to prevent damage to your delicate greens. Instruments such as fans, exhaust fans, and, when necessary, air conditioners, humidifiers and dehumidifiers, play vital roles in this balance.

Constant monitoring of temperature and humidity is facilitated through the use of hygrometers, allowing precise adjustments to maintain the growing environment within ideal parameters. This careful approach ensures plant prosperity and the energy efficiency of the HVAC system.

How to Water Plants Correctly

how to plant marijuana

Knowing the right amount of water is crucial for the health of your plants.
To avoid the risk of drowning or dehydration, it is essential to keep the soil in a perfect balance between moist and dry.

A practical tip is the finger method: by inserting it into the soil, the earth adhering to the finger indicates the presence of moisture, suggesting that it is not yet necessary to add water. Alternatively, a barbecue stick can provide a similar indication, much like baking a cake, although it is important to proceed with caution so as not to harm the plant's roots.

Furthermore, measuring the weight of the pot can be an indication of the right time to water: a light pot generally signals dry soil, while a heavier one indicates that there is still enough moisture, postponing the need for watering.

By adopting these strategies, you can ensure the supply of water in the right amount for the healthy development of your plants, optimizing both growth and the conservation of water resources.

Nutrition for Plants: Essential Macros and Micronutrients

Ensuring adequate nutrition is essential for healthy plant growth, involving both basic macronutrients – known as NPK (Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium) – and micronutrients. Furthermore, secondary macronutrients such as Magnesium, Sulfur and Calcium and micronutrients including Boron, Chlorine, Manganese, Iron, Nickel, Copper, Zinc and Molybdenum are essential for the robust development of the plant.

To grow cannabis, the grower can choose between organic and mineral techniques. Organic farming emphasizes living soil, enriched with earthworm humus, bokashi and a variety of substrates to nourish and stimulate soil microbiota. This method allows the soil to naturally provide all the nutrients the plants need, with the addition of organic fertilizers to enhance their nutrition.

On the other hand, mineral cultivation uses “virgin” substrates such as sphagnum peat, depending on the grower to provide nutrients through the careful use of mineral fertilizers. This approach requires meticulous attention to dosage to avoid overfert, a phenomenon characterized by excess nutrition, which can harm plant development.

Choosing between organic or mineral cultivation depends on the grower's goals and preferences, but both require a deep understanding of plant nutrition to ensure lush, healthy growth.

Guide to Growing Cannabis Outdoors: Economics and Challenges

Growing cannabis outdoors can be an economical alternative to indoor methods, although it requires closer vigilance on the part of the grower to combat pests and diseases, factors that increase the risk of plant loss. Despite these challenges, many people choose outdoor cultivation due to a lack of suitable indoor space or because of personal preference.

For those interested in this approach, it is crucial to be prepared and informed.

How to Choose the Ideal Outdoor Growing Zone for Cannabis

How to Plant Marijuana

Selecting the right outdoor growing area is crucial to the success of your cannabis grow. Ample space that allows for extensive root growth will result in a healthier plant capable of accessing a wider range of nutrients from the soil, promoting robust development.

Alternatively, growing cannabis in pots outdoors is also a viable strategy. However, in this approach, the emphasis should be on preparing a soil enriched with organic matter to meet all the plant's nutritional needs. Investing in the right environment for outdoor cannabis cultivation is essential to maximizing the health and production potential of your plants. Pay attention to weather conditions

If your region has extreme temperatures for both cold and heat, your plant may be more susceptible to the weather conditions.

The limit temperature ranges from 12ºC to 30ºC, however, the ideal range is 18ºC to 29ºC. The plant grows more during spring/summer, when there is a greater incidence of sun.

Autumn/winter is ideal for the outdoor flowering phase, as temperatures are milder, in addition to having less rain and humidity.

As we already know, humidity is one of the points to be observed, so too much rain is not good during the flowering period, as it can cause mold on the buds.

Effective Pest Protection Strategies

Keep your cannabis grow safe from unwanted invaders that can compromise the health and productivity of your plants. Among the main villains are:

- Mites;
- Thrips;
- Aphids;
- Red spiders;
- Whiteflies;
- Caterpillars;
- Fungi.

To prevent infestations, a weekly inspection of the leaves for signs of these pests is recommended.

Using sticky traps can be an initial solution to control the insect population. However, for more comprehensive protection, consider using specific products, such as D'limonene, Neem Cake, Diatomaceous Earth and Flowermind Pesticides, which are effective in eliminating pests without harming your plants.

Don't forget our natural allies in the fight against pests: ladybugs. They are natural predators of several insects harmful to cannabis cultivation. To learn more about how these beneficial insects can help protect your plants, explore our content on the role of ladybugs in pest control.

Choosing Between Seeds and Cuttings

When it comes to growing cannabis, the choice between using seeds or cuttings and opting for an indoor or outdoor environment can have a significant impact on the success of your grow. Here is a practical guide to starting your cannabis cultivation, whether indoors or outdoors.

Cannabis Seeds

The choice of seeds is vast, with each variety adapting differently to indoor and outdoor environments. For outdoor grows, it is essential to consider the local climate, as cannabis has its roots in temperate climates, typically flowering in the fall after growing during the spring and summer.

How to Plant Cannabis Seeds – Step by Step

1. Germination: Start the germination process by submerging the seeds in filtered water with a pH adjusted to 6 – ideal for this phase. After 24 hours, select the seeds that have sunk, indicating that they are ready for the next step.

2. Preparation for Planting: Place the selected seeds between layers of damp paper towel, keeping a distance of approximately 1.5 cm between them. It is crucial to keep the paper towel constantly moist to prevent the seeds from drying out.

3. Advanced Germination: Within 48 hours, you will notice that the seeds have started germinating. Before proceeding with planting, wait until the roots are between 0.7 and 1.5 cm long. This indicates that the seeds are ready to be transplanted into soil or pots.

By following these steps, regardless of whether you choose to grow indoors or outdoors, you will be on your way to successful cannabis cultivation.

Cannabis Cloning Guide: How to Successfully Propagate Your Plant

How to Plant Marijuana
Cloning is an essential technique for anyone who wants to propagate their cannabis plants effectively, ensuring the perpetuation of the characteristics of the mother plant. To enter the world of cannabis cloning, follow these detailed steps:

1. Preparation of the Seedling: Firstly, you need to have the cannabis plant, from which you will remove the seedling. Make a diagonal cut, at 45 degrees, at the base of the desired branch. Make sure the branch has at least three nodes and leaves with five tips or more.

2. Initial Preparation: Remove the lower leaves from the branch and submerge the cut end in mineral water. Keep the cutting in water until it develops strong roots, preparing it for transfer to soil.

3. Use of Substrate: Alternatively, you can plant the cutting directly into a substrate, applying cloning and rooting gel to stimulate root growth. This method can speed up the process of adapting the seedling to its new environment.

It is crucial to carry out the cloning process during the plant's vegetation phase. At this stage, it is not yet possible to identify the plant's sex, and it is necessary to wait until it begins to reveal whether it is female or male. Thereafter, select only the females to progress to the flowering stage.

Cannabis Growth Time: Understand the Factors That Influence

Want to understand how long your cannabis plant takes to grow? Although the average cannabis cultivation period, from germination to harvest, is around 3 to 5 months, it is worth noting that there is no exact duration. Several factors can influence this time, including ambient temperature, type of strain cultivated, possible stress situations, among other elements.

If the germination phase occurs optimally, the cannabis enters its vegetation stage, which lasts approximately 20 days. During this period, known as the plant's "adolescence", it begins to show its sex, developing the first signs of buds. However, it is important to highlight that this duration may vary according to the specific genetics of the plant.

After this vegetation phase, if the plant is healthy and well developed, it is ready to enter its final stage, flowering. This moment is crucial for the successful cultivation of cannabis.

So the answer to "How long does weed take to grow?" depends on a series of variables that can impact the development of the plant. For beginners and veteran growers alike, understanding and adapting to these variables can make all the difference in the lifecycle of your cannabis.

Cannabis Growing Guide for Beginners: Essential Tips

Growing cannabis requires attention to details that can make all the difference in the final quality of the plant. Here are some crucial tips for beginners in the art of cultivation, which can help optimize your process and ensure a fruitful harvest.

1. Aroma Filtration with Charcoal Filter: The strong presence of terpenes in cannabis flowers is responsible for the plant's characteristic aroma. For growers who need to neutralize these odors and avoid nuisances, the use of a charcoal filter is highly recommended.

2. Choosing the Right Cultivation Location: The location where you decide to grow your cannabis is crucial to the success of self-cultivation. The practice must be personal and discreet. Keeping the growing area clean and organized is essential to prevent external problems and ensure a high-quality harvest.

3. Implementation of Pruning and LST Techniques: For both indoor and outdoor cultivation, the implementation of pruning and low-stress training techniques (LST) is essential. These techniques help control height and promote energetic, healthy plant growth.

4. Use of Suitable Equipment for Indoor Cultivation: For growers who choose an indoor environment for their plants, certain equipment is essential for monitoring and controlling cultivation. This includes a grow cabinet, a temperature and humidity meter (thermo-hygrometer), exhaust fans and a fan. These devices help create the ideal environment for optimal cannabis development.

For beginners, understanding and applying these tips can be the first step to successful farming, culminating in an abundant, high-quality harvest. Prepare, inform yourself and cultivate responsibly.

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