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Guide to Understanding the World of Cannabis Seeds

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Cannabis seeds are the first link in every plant lover's journey. They are like little treasures that hold the promise of a unique experience. However, choosing the right seed can be a challenge as there are countless varieties, each with its own characteristics and personality. So, get ready to dive into the fascinating world of cannabis seeds and discover everything you need to know before starting your cultivation. Let's go!

Cannabis Cultivation in Brazil: What Does the Law Say?

You've probably already wondered if it's allowed to grow cannabis in Brazil. Well, the Sixth Panel of the STJ (Superior Court of Justice) reached an important consensus: having items for growing marijuana for personal use is not considered a crime, since this activity does not fall under Article 34 of the Anti-Drug Law.

Furthermore, Bill 399/15 is being processed in the Chamber of Deputies, seeking to legalize the cultivation of cannabis for industrial, scientific, veterinary and medicinal purposes. While we await full legalization, the cultivation of cannabis for ritualistic religious purposes and strictly for personal use is permitted. The use of cannabidiol oil is also permitted for medicinal purposes. A glimmer of hope for cultivation on Brazilian lands!

The 5 Types of Cannabis Seeds You Need to Know

The first thing you should know is that cannabis seeds are generally classified into three forms: hybrid, sativa dominant, or indica dominant. But the world of seeds goes far beyond these categories. Here are five fascinating cannabis seed varieties, each with their own distinct characteristics:

1. Afghani Hindu Kush

  • Genetics: Indica, mostly
  • THC: 20-25%
  • Terpenes: Caryophyllene, Limonene and Myrcene
  • Average Plant Height: 90-130 cm
  • Yield: 500-600g per plant
  • Flowering Time: 50-55 days
  • Ideal Climate: Continental and Temperate

Afghani Hindu Kush is a seed with high genetic potential, resistant to diseases and mold. It is often used to produce hashish and is being studied as an option for treating muscle spasms, migraines, PMS and depression.

2. Super Skunk

  • Genetics: Indica, mostly
  • THC: 15%
  • Plant Height: Medium
  • Yield: 600g per plant
  • Flowering: 50-55 days
  • Ideal Climate: Continental and Temperate

Super Skunk seed, as the name suggests, is powerful. It produces dense, leafy flowers in a short time, with one of the most intense aromas on the list. The sweet flavor contrasts with its potency.

3. Cheese

  • Genetics: 60% Indica - 40% Sativa
  • THC: 16%
  • Terpenes: Limonene, Caryophyllene and Myrcene
  • Height: 100-120cm
  • Yield: High, up to 600g
  • Flowering Time: 45-55 days
  • Climate: Continental and Temperate

Cheese cannabis seed is an indica-dominant hybrid famous for its sour and strong aroma, similar to aged cheese. It has won competitions such as the best Cannabis and the best Cannabis Indica due to its unique characteristics.

4. Somango

  • Genetics: 75% Indica and 25% Sativa
  • THC: 17-20%
  • Terpenes: Linalool and Pinene
  • Average Height: 100-140 cm
  • Yield: 450-550g
  • Flowering Time: 50-55 days
  • Ideal Climate: Continental and Temperate

Somango seeds have a fruity aroma and leaves that acquire a purple hue during maturation. It is known to alleviate depressive symptoms and stimulate creativity.

5. Diesel

  • Genetics: 80% Sativa and 20% Indica
  • THC: 19%
  • Terpenes: Myrcene, Limonene and Caryophyllene
  • Height: 100-150cm
  • Yield: Medium
  • Flowering: 45-55 days
  • Ideal Climate: Continental and Temperate

Diesel seed is sativa dominant and is famous for its powerful aroma and citrus flavor. It is a popular choice for productions with a high concentration of sativa.

And these are just a few of the many cannabis seed strains available, such as White Widow, Jack Herer, Girl Scout Cookies, Northern Lights, and Nebula, to name a few. We have already covered other strains in detail in our previous articles, such as Cannabis Ruderalis, Purple Kush and Moon Rock. Read on to explore the full potential!

How to Know if a Cannabis Seed is Good?

The quality of a cannabis seed can be determined by its appearance. A healthy seed is usually dark brown, with a slight sheen and some light brown highlights. Green or white seeds are often overripe or dry.

Sativa vs. Indicates: What's the Difference?

While the seeds themselves do not differ significantly, the germinated plants differ in terms of leaf shape, total flowering time and size. The genetics of the seed are a mix of sativa and indica traits, but generally lean more towards one side than the other. The main differences between sativa and indica are as follows:

  • Sativas: They have long branches, making them larger plants. Its leaves are thin and take longer to bloom. They thrive in warm, sunny climates.
  • Indicas: They are smaller, have a more rigid structure and wide leaves. They also flower earlier than sativas and are ideal for rainy and cold regions.

Growing Feminized Seeds: A Quick Guide

Growing feminized cannabis seeds can be an exciting experience. Here are some simple steps to get started:

  1. Place the seed between two sheets of damp kitchen paper to increase the germination rate.
  2. Plant the seed in a permanent pot after it develops a few nodes.
  3. Use a greenhouse or tent to protect plants from the outside elements.

Additional tips for growing include adjusting the amount of light according to different stages of growth:

  • For seedlings: 20 hours of light and 4 hours of darkness.
  • Vegetative phase: 18 hours of light and 6 hours of darkness.
  • Flowering phase: 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness.

Plants will grow similar to nature, and when grown indoors, they need these climate conditions to be replicated. Most growers prefer to start growing in early spring to ensure that threats of frost have passed by the time winter arrives, and their plants will be bursting with flowers later in the year.

The Perfect Soil, Ideal Temperature, and Other Important Considerations

  • Soil: Choose a well-aerated soil, with good drainage and rich in nutrients, including nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
  • Temperature: The ideal temperature for cultivation is around 21°C, although the seeds tolerate small variations. Be sure to protect plants from extreme temperature changes in a single day.
  • Humidity: Maintain humidity at around 65-70% during the seedling stage, 50-70% during the vegetative stage and 40-50% during the flowering stage.
  • Watering: Water every 1-3 days, making sure the soil is dry before watering again. Yellowing, downward-curving, wilting or drooping leaves are signs that the plant is receiving too much water.

Importing Cannabis Seeds: Is It Legal?

Only if you have a lawsuit that allows import. Otherwise, importing cannabis seeds could result in seizure and fines.

Choosing the Right Cannabis Seed

When purchasing cannabis seeds, take several factors into consideration:

  • Type of Cultivation: Indoor or outdoor.
  • Yield: Harvest size (XL, medium or high).
  • Plant Height: Tall, medium or compact plant.
  • Flowering Time: Fast, medium or long.
  • THC and CBD: Levels of active compounds.
  • Genetics: Hybrid, sativa dominant or indica dominant.
  • Planting Climate: Long summer or short summer.
  • Desired Effect: Bodily, mental or humorous.
  • Favorite Flavor: Mild, earthy, sour or pungent.

And after planting, cultivating and harvesting, it is essential to store your precious cannabis flowers in ideal conditions to maintain their properties. After all, you invested time and care into growing your cannabis seeds, and they deserve to be enjoyed in the best way possible.

Now you are ready to embark on the exciting cannabis seed journey. It is a seed that deserves your full attention, like any other plant, and with the right knowledge, you can obtain incredible harvests and truly unique experiences. Explore, cultivate and enjoy the full potential of cannabis seeds!

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